Santulan formed in 1997 as a voluntary, social, non-governmental organization with a twin approach i.e. development and rights-based advocacy policy towards transformation of marginalized communities and sections of the Indian society. A particular trigger to its formation was a fatal accident of a child, crushed by a dumper from the quarries. What was found was a life of misery in the quarries and the families belonged to the lowest economic strata. The social matrix consisted of the landless, homeless migrants affected by famines and earthquake. Most of them were Socio-economically weaker sections and tribal people uprooted from traditional livelihoods, indebted and unorganized workers from across the state.