|The Rural Area where the project is to be implemented is famous for agricultural operations, and agriculture is the primary occupation of the people as irrigation facility is provided with canals of the river. However despite these irrigation facilities the economic standards of the people in these areas are very low, especially among the vulnerable sections of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The main reason for this disparity is high concentration of with a small group of 18%, belonging to the upper strata of the society. Even small and marginal farmers have to struggle a lot to bring their lands under cultivation as they do not possess any, assets or financial ability. Ultimately they have to struggle a lot to bring their lands under cultivation as they do not possess any, assets or financial ability. Ultimately they have to depend on money lenders, naturally these money lending and land owing class take advantage of this situation, render loans with exorbitant rate of interest and expect payments in kind by fixing low price to the farmer’s produce, usually the paddy.
|In this situation another victim is woman, the exploitation on backward communities is a common feature in the society and the same is meted on women. Though she plays a major role in family maintenance, economy, child development etc., the due recognition is not given to her from any corner of the society. She starts her life in the small hours of the day to arrange comforts to others and works in the fields on par with men. Despite all these jobs she is neither regarded nor paid wages on par with men. The exploitative system is meted on women from the very beginning of her childhood. She is not sent to school and she has to take care of younger siblings and to assist her mother in household work.
With regard to the field of Education there is a lot to be seen critically especially in the context of the micro realities. Though there are primary schools in most of the villages around Hanuman Junction the drop rate is very high, about 45% of the children drop out themselves before they could complete their 5th standard, while another 35% before reaching the middle school. The residuary percentage of the children reach school final with great difficulty. Even this section of the children come from the middle class families or the families with economic support, but certainly not from the poor. The poor consider children as economic value and sending children to school would mean economic loss to them.